A TEXTBOOK OF REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING BY KHURMI PDF

Lists with This Book. Air Refrigeration Systems m 95 and C. Thus in a reversible cycle, the initial conditions are restored at the end of the cycle. Regenerative Air Cooling System. Textbook of Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by R. Khurmi The high pressure steam from the boiler is passed khhrmi the steam nozzles thereby increasing its velocity.

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Zusar From point 2, draw a line parallel to this line. The potential energy, kinetic energy and internal energy are the examples of stored energy. S, units has been revised to recognise all the S. This is due to the reason that the isentropic processes of the cycle require high speed white the isothermal processes require an extremely low speed.

Find the refrigeration capacity of the plant Solution, Given: These refriheration are discussed, in detail, as follows: It is similar to the boot strap air cycle cooling system except that the addition of an evaporator between the second heat exchanger and the cooling turbine. Mass of motive steam required per hour per tonne of refrigeration We know that mass of motive steam required per hour per tonne of refrigeration Q m.

The air cooling system mostly used in transport type aircrafts is fa simple air cooling system 6 simple evaporative air cooling system c boot-strap air cooling system d all of these 7. For example, 90 newton and not 90 Newton. The condensate from the condenser is textbookk to the evaporator to compensate the water vapour formed in the evaporator.

After that no compression takes place with the inw ard movement of the piston, Now during the remaining part of the compression stroke, the compressed refrigerant is discharged to condenser till the piston reaches its top dead centre. Entropy b Fig, 2A Temperature of the sink. The change in internal energy is equal to the work done. The pressure of air is increased to 1 bar due to isentropic ramming action. Determine temperatures and pressures at all points of the cycle. Nitrogen N a 1.

At point I, let v l T i be the pres sure, volume and temperature of air refrieration. For unsaturated air the dew point temperature is. Assuming ramming action to be isetttropic, the required cabin pressure of 0. Manufacture of Hydrocarbon refrigerants. The coefficient of performance is the reciprocal of the efficiency i f.

Power required for the refrigeration system. But when the heat and work are not completely restored back by reversing the process, cojditioning the process is known as irreversible process also called natural or real process[n an irreversible process, there is a loss of heat due to friction, radiation or conduction.

The bulb of the thermostat is clamped to the evaporator or freezer The thermostat bulb is charged with few drops of refrigerant. What is the function of the following components in snd absorption system: Thus the general gas equation may be rewritten as: Now the refrigerants leaving the back pressure valves at points 6 and 9 are mixed together with the refrigerant leaving the First evaporator at point II, at pressure p K which is the suction pressure of the compressor.

Low Temperature Refrigeration Cryogenics The values of dry bulb temperatures are also shown on the saturation curve. Introduction m 17 When the system changes from its initial state l to final state 2, the quantity of heal transfer will depend upon the intermediate stages through which the system passes, i. Final relative humidity ; and 3. Thus no chemical eneigy is involved. Show on the psychrometric chan when two air streams yield fogged state of air.

The relevant properties of methyl chloride are as follows: This variation in speed of air is not practicable. Let us assume the compression and expansion to be isentropic and y for air as 1. A dash is to be used to separate units that are multiplied together.

Actual temperature of air leaving the compressor, Temperature of air at the end of isentropic expansion in the turbine, and T A f — Actual temperature of air leaving he turbine. Power required to take the load of cooling in the cabin First of all, let us Find the mass of air mj required for the refrigeration purpose.

In a four digit number, the space is not required unless the four digit number is used in a column of numbers with five or more digits. The compressed air is then cooled to a temperature of 37 P C before it is expanded in the expander.

The quantity E is an extensive property and represents the total energy of the system at a particular slate. It is defined as the ratio of air craft velocity VO to the local sonic velocity a. The performance of a heat engine is expressed by its efficiency.

The corresponding p-h diagram is shown in Fig. Show the following processes on the skeleton psychrometric chart ; a DehumidiFication of moist air by cooling ; and ft Adiabatic mixing of two air knurmi. Textbook of Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by R. Khurmi The heat which brings about a change of stale with no change in temperature is called hitenr or hidden fu nt.

Let the unsaturated air enters the chamber at section l. The isent topic efficiencies of both compressor amd turbine are 0,9, Calculate the mass of air circulated per minute and the C.

The temperature of the gas changes, as the work is done at the cost of internal energy, and 3. The relative coefficient of performance is equal to Theoretical C. The atmospheric temperature is f7 C.

We know that the mass of refrigerant required to be circulated at point 10 through the first evaporator or the lowest temperature evaporator EP r www. Improvements in Simple Saturation Cycle. The process represents cooling of air in the regenerative heat exchanger.

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