The gianotti crosti syndrome, more commonly known as the infantile papular acrodermatitis is a rare disorder which occurs during childhood. The disorder can affect infants who are nine months old to children up to the age of nine years. Causes of Gianotti Crosti syndrome The Gianotti Crosti syndrome is a medical condition in which the skin reacts to pathogens of viral infections. In the case of this medical condition, the injured organ or tissue is created as an aftermath of an underlying infection, particularly a virus.
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Last reviewed by Dr. Raj MD on August 14th, What is Gianotti-Crosti syndrome? This medical condition is a skin disorder that is associated with viruses, especially the hepatitis virus. It is also described as papular acrodermatitis of childhood, papulovesicular acrolocated syndrome, and infantile papular acrodermatitis. Some of the most common sites for Gianotti-Crosti syndrome to appear are on your buttocks, thighs, arms, and face.
It will usually start on your buttocks and spread to the other areas of your body. Your back, palms of your hands and soles of your feet, cheek, and belly are usually spared from developing the bumps associated with Gianotti-Crosti syndrome. The main group that is affected by this medical condition are children between six months and fifteen years of age with most cases occurring between the ages of one and six years of age.
Although the bumps appear suddenly it is considered a self-limited disease which means that the bumps will disappear after a certain time period. Gianotti-Crosti is most often seen in the summer and spring. Symptoms of Gianotti-Crosti Syndrome When a person develops Gianotti-Crosti syndrome it usually starts as a firm bump or bumps called papules that appear on your skin and typically appear suddenly.
The characteristics of these bumps can include: Measuring around one to ten millimeters or point zero four to point thirty-nine inches in diameter. Being itchy or pruritic but this is uncommon Having a brownish appearance or being the color of your skin The bumps start to turn purple which is attributed to your capillaries leaking blood, especially in the ones that are located on your legs. The rash having a red color in some cases The centers of the lesions may be fluid-filled The lesions can come together and form one larger lesion Sometimes the child may have an enlarged liver or spleen, have a fever, and tender enlarged lymph nodes.
They may also have diarrhea. Generally the bumps will remain on your skin for fourteen days to four months. Causes of Gianotti-Crosti Syndrome The main cause of developing Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is from getting one of three hepatitis viruses that trigger the three infectious diseases called: Hepatitis A Hepatitis B which is the one that most commonly causes Gianotti-Crosti syndrome in the parts of the world where the vaccination for hepatitis B is not given Hepatitis C Other viruses that can cause Gianotti-Crosti syndrome include: Epstein-Barr virus which is the common reason for the papules developing on your face and for many of the cases in the United States Adenovirus.
Síndrome de Gianotti-Crosti
O caso trata de N. It is characterized by symmetrical papular eruption, with an acral distribution face, gluteal region and extremities , with prevalence in children from two to six years old. The authors relate a case: NRBL, female, 8 months, weight 8kg, born vaginally, at term without complications. The lesions began on the face and distributed to the trunk and lower limbs. Were characterized by papules, with subsequent crusting by scratching. The diagnosis of this dermatitis is clinical. Laboratory tests were ordered to help rule out other causes, detect a viral infection that may have been the triggering factor of dermatitis and further elucidate the final diagnosis.
¿Qué es el Síndrome de Gianotti-Crosti?
Click on the image to see a larger version. Selected References These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article. The detection of Australia antigen and anti-Au antibodies by a rapid procedure combining electrophoresis and immunoprecipitation. Przegl Dermatol. Contribution to the discussion of its etiology].
Infantile papular acrodermatitis images