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The intent of these sections is to allow a person with a physical disability to independently get to, enter, and use a site, facility, building, or element. Section of this standard provides criteria for Type B units. These criteria are intended to be consistent with the intent of the criteria of the U. The Type B units are intended to supplement, not replace, Accessible units or Type A units as specified in this standard.
Section of this standard provides criteria for minimal accessibility features for one and two family dwelling units and townhouses which are not covered by the U. This standard is intended for adoption by government agencies and by organizations setting model codes to achieve uniformity in the technical design criteria in building codes and other regulations.
Independence for persons with physical and sensory disabilities is a primary goal of this standard. It is essential that accessibility into and throughout buildings and facilities be part of the initial design process. ICC A The technical specifications in this standard are intended to create elements and spaces that can be used independently by persons with disabilities.
The requirements are based on anthropometrics for an average adult male, and may not be appropriate for all applications see commentary, Section The intent is to serve as wide a spectrum of persons with disabilities as possible, based on currently available knowledge and experience. Because needs and capabilities vary from individual to individual, it is not possible to set technical criteria that would permit independent use by all persons with disabilities.
For example, not everyone is able to transfer from a wheelchair to a water closet, even though the clearances necessary for such a transfer satisfy this standard. Criteria contained in the standard are based on the best information and research available to the A The committee welcomes results of recent research from all interested and affected parties.
For dwelling units and sleeping units, the Standard provides four distinct sets of criteria: Accessible units, Type A units, Type B units and Type C units. The requirements in Section for Type B dwelling units and sleeping units are technical criteria that are consistent with the requirements of the Fair Housing Act.
For additional information, see the commentary to Chapter Understanding and consistency in the application of the criteria throughout the country would be of immeasurable value to the person with a disability, as well as building regulators, designers and owners, and the community in general. Consistency would result in a greater level of comfort for a person with a disability in his or her daily activities.
A person with a disability would know what to expect within a facility instead of finding new obstacles to overcome in each situation.
There are many accessibility features that benefit not only people with disabilities, but also are a tangible benefit to people without disabilities. Sites, facilities, buildings, and elements required to be accessible shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapters 3 through 9 and Chapter Dwelling units and sleeping units shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter Criteria are established for individual building spaces and elements.
These accessible spaces and elements are intended to combine to provide accessibility throughout a building and related site facilities. General criteria, such as the minimum width of an accessible route, can apply to different building or site elements, including sidewalks, corridors and aisles. Other criteria are provided for specific elements such as drinking fountains, water closets, sinks and lavatories.
ANSI/ICC A117.1-2003 and Commentary
ICC A117.1-2017 Standard and Commentary