By the s, the East India Company controlled most of the Indian subcontinent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Learn Tav Prasad Savaiye. That, I may teach my mind to only sing your praises. Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib. The name of India has been kept by the former slaves to the British.
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This is one of the most celebrated and widely quoted hymns by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. He shows in the following Shabad the qualities that makes one fit to become part of his world mission called the Khalsa Panth - To live with courage and bravery to the highest levels of righteousness.
One must never shirk from conducting oneself in the most upright and considerate possible manner. The Khalsa has to be prepared at all times to willingly and consistently behave in the most impartial and just manner and to always undertake to carry out righteous and Gurmat acts; to never have any fear or show even the slightest hesitation when taking such actions; to never flinch from stepping in front of the enemy to protect the poor, weak and needy of the world - to never have any apprehension or anxiety from the righteous fight ahead.
That, I shall have no fear of the enemy when I go into battle and with determination I will be victorious. That, I may teach my mind to only sing your praises. Here the word "Shiva" may be taken to mean Lord Shiva but this is incorrect. In Sikh tradition uses the terms Shiva, Hari, Rama etc. The language used is Braj Bhasha which along with Awadhi a variety of eastern hindi was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to hindustani khariboli in the 19th century.
Much of the traditional literature in this region was developed in Braj during the medieval period. Background Firstly, it is worth mentioning that the current land of India was relatively recently created in by the British. There were several other kingdoms which ruled over parts of India prior to the British occupation including the Sikh Empire. By the s, the East India Company controlled most of the Indian subcontinent.
Their policy was sometimes summed up as Divide and Rule, taking advantage of the enmity festering between various princely states and social and religious groups. However, after the Indian rebellion of all power was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown, which began to administer most of India as a number of provinces.
There were officially princely states in The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India. The name of India has been kept by the former slaves to the British. The passports issued by the British Indian government had the words "Indian Empire" on the cover and "Empire of India" on the inside.
The Empress or Emperor of India were treated like Gods. Written in Sanskritised Bengali as an Indian language was not suitable, the first of five stanzas of the Brahmo hymn titled Bharot Bhagyo Bidhata are attributed to nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Jana Gana Mana was composed by Tagore wrote the song on 11 December Emperor George V who was scheduled to arrive at Calcutta on 30 December The composition was first sung during a convention of the then loyalist Indian National Congress in Calcutta which began on 27th December It was sung on the second day of the convention on 28th, and the agenda of that day devoted itself to a loyal welcome of George V on his visit to India.
The event was reported thus in the British Indian press; "The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore sang a song composed by him specially to welcome the Emperor. A resolution welcoming the Emperor and Empress was also adopted unanimously. It echoes in the hills of Vindhyas and, Himalayas, mingles in the music of the Yamuna and the Ganga and is chanted by the waves of the Indian sea. However, it is worth noting that after independence in , India retained a British Emperor so the choice of national athem was no surprise.
What Indians Say Rajasthan Governor Kalyan Singh, while speaking at the 26th convocation ceremony of Rajasthan University, is reported to have said that the national anthem should be amended, with the words "adhinayak jai ho" removed. As the Indian Express reported, "Jan gan man adhinayak jai ho kiske liye hai?
Others say; A few things must be noted about this song: 1. The song was composed at precisely the time of the visit of the British King George the fifth and Queen Mary in December, The poem does not indicate any love for the motherland.
The "Adhinayak" Lord or Ruler is being hailed. Who was the ruler of India in ? It was the British, headed by their King-Emperor. It was none but the British, since they were ruling India in The song was sung for the first time in India on the second day of the Calcutta Conference of the Congress party in December This conference was held specially to give a loyal welcome to King George the fifth, and to thank him for annulling the Partition of Bengal in The agenda of the second day of the Calcutta Conference, in which the song was sung, was specially reserved for giving a loyal welcome to George the fifth, and a resolution was adopted unanimously that day welcoming and expressing loyalty to the emperor and empress.
It was only as late as in , when he wanted to show himself as a patriot, that Tagore denied that he had written the song to honour the British king. The above facts almost conclusively prove that "Jana Gana Mana" was composed and sung as an act of sycophancy to the British king.
And we have proudly adopted this song as our national anthem? Jai ho! Vande Mataram Vande Mataram is a poem composed by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in s, which he included in his novel Anandamath. The lyrical poem is sung in praise to Durga the multi-armed hindu mother goddess , it was written in Sanskrit and Bengali.
Vande Mataram was orginally considered for the Indian National anthem however the song was not selected by hindu leaders in order to respect the sentiments of non-hindus. Thereafter, with the support of Mahatama Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru, the Indian National Congress decided to adopt only the first two stanzas as the national song to be sung at public gatherings, and other verses that included references to Durga and Lakshmi were expunged.
Religious response Many Imams and muslim organisations in India have declared fatwas against singing Vande Mataram. According to Asia News, the Islamic clerics "banned their followers from committing a sacrilege against Allah, the one god", by singing a song that describes "India as a god to adore".
He said the Sikhs in their prayer wish for "Sarbat Da Bhala" welfare of the whole community. They believe in one Almighty God and do not have belief in any devi-devta. Mr Sarna said the national anthem was sung in all educational institutions run by it with great respect. The hindutva is a nationalist ideology, based on a modern day version of centralized intolerant hinduism.
It has nothing to do with a historical tradition of spiritual practices that is called hinduism.
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