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History[ edit ] A close-up on the face of the image. Later restorations enhanced the cheekbones to masquerade the alleged stain on the cheeks. Note the five emerald mariquillas or brooches donated by the bullfighter El Gallo. A similar image of the Virgin Mary and crucified Jesus was certainly in existence by by santero artist Pedro Nieto.
Religious images of this type was a result of baroque reforms between and by the Confraternity of Macarena. Three other famous sculptors and their schools place claim on the image. Over time, the image fell into disrepair, but was officially restored in March by Emilio Pizzaro de la Cruz, who created new arms and hands; it was restored again in Between , the image began to showcase a mantle made of gold embroidery , French wire bullion and gold-plated tin, popularly referred to as a "mesh cape".
Various crowns and accessories were repeatedly redesigned in , and A new cape was made in , which was unique because the color emerald green was also used along with gold tones. King Alfonso XIII of Spain promoted its devotion by issuing a regal document on the image after being inducted into the fraternity in Folklore recounts an alleged tale of a Protestant rebel who drank drinking is permitted on some religious processions and then threw a wine bottle at the image sometime before the s.
He became a pallbearer for the image the following year as penance for his sacrilegious act. The image was granted a canonical coronation on 27 March by Cardinal Enrique Almaraz y Santos , who added the five emerald brooches donated by the bullfighter El Gallo. A similar coronation was also repeated in by the Archbishop of Seville.
Arson attempt[ edit ] Closeup of the venerated Marian image with her famous emerald brooches. During the Spanish Civil War , anti-clerical arsonists entered on the early dawn of 18 July attempting to destroy the images inside the Macarena church and its oratory. Out of fear, the people stole the images of Lord of Judgment and Lady of the Rosary and hid them under the warehouse underneath the church steps. Historically, religious images that are threatened by war or famine are often secretly buried underground for safekeeping.
The Macarena image was stripped of its vestments and taken anonymously to one of the members of the Confraternity for safekeeping. Due to the warring factions at the time, the confraternity was expelled and was forced to move into the Church of the Annunciation.
Details of the image[ edit ] The image belongs to an anonymous sculptor dating back to , and measures centimeters. It is a mannequin style image made of pine wood and cypress combination. The image features a sorrowful face with glass teardrops; along with a human wig and looks downwards. It has an open mouth complete with tongue and teeth. The image holds a mourning handkerchief right and Rosary left. It also possesses a gold medal given by the mayor of the city from Canonical coronation[ edit ] The canopy or Pallio of the Macarena filled with imperial regalia and expensive and costly textiles.
Religious images of widespread devotions are often venerated in Spain through papal-designated ceremonies called canonical coronation. Because recreating this image is considered very costly and painstaking, images of this title is often seen rare and limited. Other sanctioned copies under this particular Marian title alone have also been reproduced in other pious Catholic countries , namely in Colombia 7 , Brazil 2 , Uruguay 1 , Venezuela 4 , Peru 2 and the Philippines 1.
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