Critical Comments on a Reactionary Philosophy Chapter 1. To these works we shall now turn, postponing for later treatment an examination of the corrections and emendations subsequently made by these writers. To discover the laws of connection of sensations Physics. To explain the laws of connection between sensations and ideas Psycho-physics. The subject matter of physics is the connection between sensations and not between things or bodies, of which our sensations are the image. Not the things bodies but colours, sounds, pressures, spaces, times what we usually call sensations are the real elements of the world.
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One of the sections is titled the crisis in physics, yet it highlights ironical that those erroneous idealist Machian Instrumentist notions are the very basis of the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Which very much was the thought process of Bohr and the founders of the field and Materialist idealist saying that the wave function is "a mathematical abstract wavefunction" and "the wave function collapses just cause u look at it" when obviously dots would still appear on the other side of the screen even if there was no humans there.
They were against trying to to postulate a external reality. This the same position of some of Machs disciples. Abit more idealist; saying that the real elements of the world are the relationships between ideas and senses. Pilot wave interpretation is the Antidote to this kind of idealist materialist brought about by the fake "mysticism" of quantum mechanics.
Quantum mechanics Itself is now in crisis. Scientist neglect of philosophy and Materialist dialectical arguments that could debunk it. Dialectics just being abstract generalized principles derived from a materialist conception of reality that accurately describe it. Personally reading lucretius the order of things has really made big double down on the materialist philosophy and put dialectical materialism and marxism-lenninsm into a shaper a perspective and focus.
It is, however, a disgraceful misunderstanding of Machian positivism which influenced its reception in Russia and elsewhere.
It also set back materialism, which remained the crude Marxian kind, absent all nuance. Machian positivism was in reality a sophisticated kind of materialism which included mental phenomena, such as sensations, alongside physical phenomena under the Lenin was far from an idiot, as revealed in this polemic against the new positivism of Ernst Mach and his Russian followers.
Machian positivism was in reality a sophisticated kind of materialism which included mental phenomena, such as sensations, alongside physical phenomena under the heading of elements.
Elements were neither physical nor mental, but more like neutral events with individual concrete qualities, when taken one by one. Grouped together they can be formed into either material objects or mental phenomena. It is a very advanced point og view which continued in William James and Bertrand Russell and even today perhaps in the work of Aussie philosopher David Chalmers.
Lenin is best forgotten. Lenin discusses "developments in physics" and "methodological changes in the modern philosophical sciences" in his book. Lenin thinks about "metaphysics" and "dialectics" in Century with the help of new knowledge and thoughts.
Lenin wrote hundred pages about the the modern philosophical sciences and thought with their scientific and social relations. Lenin thoroughly refutes the idealists, spiritualists, and agnostics while arguing for militant materialism. This is a must read for any Marxist.
Materialism and Empirio-criticism
With Lenin, Against Hegel? He forgot that an effect does not resemble its cause and that knowledge, being an effect of things, is located in principle outside its object and attains only its internal counterpart. This was to annul all that has been said about knowledge since Epicurus Hegel had indeed been able to show that, in a philosophy of history, the problem of knowledge is surmounted, because there no longer can be a question of timeless relations between being and thought, but only of relations between man and his history, or even between the present and the future, and the present and the past. This new dogmatism, which puts the knowing subject outside the fabric of history and gives it access to absolute being, releases it from the duty of self-criticism, exempts Marxism from applying its own principles to itself, and settles dialectical thought, which by its own movement rejected it, in a massive positivity.
Materialism and Empirio-Criticism: Critical Comments on a Reactionary Philosophy
The philosophical journals speak perhaps more of pragmatism than of anything else. From the standpoint of materialism the difference between Machism and pragmatism is as insignificant and unimportant as the difference between empirio-criticism and empirio-monism. Their great use is to summarise old facts and to lead to new ones. They are only a man-made language, a conceptual short-hand, as some one calls them, in which we write our reports of nature; and languages, as is well known, tolerate much choice of expression and many dialects. Thus human arbitrariness has driven divine necessity from scientific logic. We make complaint of it, on the contrary, for what it is not — not a permanent warrant for our more ideal interests, not a fulfiller of our remotest hopes. The notion of God, on the other hand, however inferior it may be in clearness to those mathematical notions so current in mechanical philosophy, has at least this practical superiority over them, that it guarantees an ideal order that shall be permanently preserved.
Materialism And Empirio Criticism