He was the great Saint and scholar of the Muslim world. It narrated that there were ten thousand students at a time in the school of Rumi. Maulana Rumi took some individual lessons of Sufism from Shamas Tabriz. He adopted him as a mentor. The people of the city did not like Shamas Tabriz.
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Jalal ad-Din is an Arabic name meaning "Glory of the Faith". According to the authoritative Rumi biographer Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago , "[t]he Anatolian peninsula which had belonged to the Byzantine, or eastern Roman empire, had only relatively recently been conquered by Muslims and even when it came to be controlled by Turkish Muslim rulers, it was still known to Arabs, Persians and Turks as the geographical area of Rum. Brooklyn Museum. Overview Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents,    originally from the Balkh , in present-day Afghanistan.
He was born either in Wakhsh ,  a village on the Vakhsh River in present-day Tajikistan ,  or in the city of Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. The most important influences upon Rumi, besides his father, were the Persian poets Attar and Sanai.
He was buried in Konya , and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. He was laid to rest beside his father, and over his remains a shrine was erected. This biography needs to be treated with care as it contains both legends and facts about Rumi.
When the Mongols invaded Central Asia sometime between and , Baha ud-Din Walad, with his whole family and a group of disciples, set out westwards. He saw the father walking ahead of the son and said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean. This meeting had a deep impact on the eighteen-year-old Rumi and later on became the inspiration for his works. From Nishapur, Walad and his entourage set out for Baghdad , meeting many of the scholars and Sufis of the city. In , Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman.
They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. For nine years, Rumi practised Sufism as a disciple of Burhan ud-Din until the latter died in or He also served as a Molvi Islamic teacher and taught his adherents in the madrassa.
During this period, Rumi also travelled to Damascus and is said to have spent four years there. It was his meeting with the dervish Shams-e Tabrizi on 15 November that completely changed his life. From an accomplished teacher and jurist, Rumi was transformed into an ascetic.
Tomb shrine of Shams Tabrizi, Khoy Shams had travelled throughout the Middle East searching and praying for someone who could "endure my company". A voice said to him, "What will you give in return? He went out, never to be seen again.
He himself went out searching for Shams and journeyed again to Damascus. There, he realised: Why should I seek? I am the same as He. His essence speaks through me.
I have been looking for myself! They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it. Rumi spent the next twelve years of his life in Anatolia dictating the six volumes of this masterwork, the Masnavi, to Hussam.
In December , Rumi fell ill; he predicted his own death and composed the well-known ghazal, which begins with the verse: How doest thou know what sort of king I have within me as companion? Do not cast thy glance upon my golden face, for I have iron legs.
His death was mourned by the diverse community of Konya, with local Christians and Jews joining the crowd that converged to bid farewell as his body was carried through the city. His epitaph reads: When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, but find it in the hearts of men.
She was the one who sponsored the construction of his tomb in Konya. See Rumi ghazal In the interpretation attributed to Shams, the first part of the verse commands the humanity to seek knowledge of tawhid oneness of God , while the second instructs them to negate their own existence. I have never become less from dying. At the next charge forward I will die to human nature, So that I may lift up my head and wings and soar among the angels, And I must also jump from the river of the state of the angel, Everything perishes except His Face, Once again I will become sacrificed from the state of the angel, I will become that which cannot come into the imagination, Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me in tones like an organ, Truly, to Him is our return.
Rumi believed passionately in the use of music, poetry and dance as a path for reaching God. For Rumi, music helped devotees to focus their whole being on the divine and to do this so intensely that the soul was both destroyed and resurrected.
It was from these ideas that the practice of whirling Dervishes developed into a ritual form. His teachings became the base for the order of the Mevlevi, which his son Sultan Walad organised. Rumi encouraged Sama , listening to music and turning or doing the sacred dance. In this journey, the seeker symbolically turns towards the truth, grows through love, abandons the ego, finds the truth and arrives at the Perfect.
The seeker then returns from this spiritual journey, with greater maturity, to love and to be of service to the whole of creation without discrimination with regard to beliefs, races, classes and nations. The six-volume poem holds a distinguished place within the rich tradition of Persian Sufi literature, and has been commonly called "the Quran in Persian".
Besides approximately Persian couplets and Persian quatrains,  the Divan contains 90 Ghazals and 19 quatrains in Arabic ,  a couple of dozen or so couplets in Turkish mainly macaronic poems of mixed Persian and Turkish   and 14 couplets in Greek all of them in three macaronic poems of Greek-Persian. It was compiled from the notes of his various disciples, so Rumi did not author the work directly.
The style of the Fihi ma fihi is colloquial and meant for middle-class men and women, and lack the sophisticated wordplay. His style is typical of the genre of lectures given by Sufis and spiritual teachers. The letters testify that Rumi kept very busy helping family members and administering a community of disciples that had grown up around them.
Unlike the Persian style of the previous two mentioned works which are lectures and sermons , the letters are consciously sophisticated and epistolary in style, which is in conformity with the expectations of correspondence directed to nobles, statesmen and kings. His main point and emphasis is the unity of being. It is undeniable that Rumi was a Muslim scholar and took Islam seriously. Nonetheless, the depth of his spiritual vision extended beyond narrow understanding sectarian concerns.
In His love, brothers and strangers are one. Go on! Drink the wine of the Beloved! In that faith, Muslims and pagans are one.
May the shade of his good fortune shine upon everyone! He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert. If Muhammad rips the veil open from a single such branch, thousands of monks and priests will tear the string of false belief from around their waists.
Masnavi Rumi By Jalal Ud Din Rumi Urdu Pdf
Jalal ad-Din is an Arabic name meaning "Glory of the Faith". According to the authoritative Rumi biographer Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago , "[t]he Anatolian peninsula which had belonged to the Byzantine, or eastern Roman empire, had only relatively recently been conquered by Muslims and even when it came to be controlled by Turkish Muslim rulers, it was still known to Arabs, Persians and Turks as the geographical area of Rum. Brooklyn Museum. Overview Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents,    originally from the Balkh , in present-day Afghanistan. He was born either in Wakhsh ,  a village on the Vakhsh River in present-day Tajikistan ,  or in the city of Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. The most important influences upon Rumi, besides his father, were the Persian poets Attar and Sanai. He was buried in Konya , and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage.
Masnavi Rumi with Urdu translation by Qazi Sajjad