Lope Garrido. Fue D. A la calle hasta la una, hora infalible del almuerzo frugal. Lo que principalmente debe hacerse constar es que si D. Lope, que no era ciertamente una provincia de los reinos de Jauja.
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Tristana follows the trials and tribulations of the youthful, orphaned Tristana and the two lovers in her life. The second lover is Horacio, a painter with a similar background as Tristana. The more time Tristana spends with Horacio, the more she tends to rebel against Don Lepe. She seeks to educate herself and develop her nascent talents, dreaming of a life of independence on her own terms. An illness and infection causes her to lose a leg, dashing many of her hopes for the future.
Tristana is often at the center of events, but she rarely develops beyond superficial changes. Even though she tries to advance, personally and professionally, she is always at the mercy of circumstances.
In one of her letters to Horacio, Tristana summarizes many beliefs she expresses over the course of the novel: I find the problem of my life more overwhelming the more I think about it. I want to be somebody in the world, to cultivate an art, to live by my own means. Am I really attempting the impossible?
My ambition is to not have to depend on anyone, not even on the man I adore. I see no happiness in marriage. To put it in my own words, I want to be married to myself and to be my own head of the household. I feel like protesting against men, who have appropriated the whole world for themselves and left us women only the narrowest of paths to take, the ones that were too narrow for them to walk along. Don Lope knows something is going on, but refuses to stop it, knowing that no possible lover can compare to him.
He was orphaned and raised by a strict grandfather. But when his grandfather dies, Horacio achieves financial security from the inheritance, allowing him to pursue his love of painting. His bohemian life in a Madrid suburb, though, is only playacting. Tristana is nothing like he imagined his future wife would be like. A section of the novel traces letters exchanged by the lovers during a separation, and while they are apart Tristana deifies Horacio in her mind.
He follows his own perverted chivalric code. He believes the younger generation vastly inferior to his own, yet he also acknowledges his declining health and virility.
Tristana remarks on the dual consciences of Don Lope, who behaves like nobility or someone from the gutter depending on the situation. He is able to triumph using his wiles and experience. Each of the three main characters claims to be a rebel in their own way. Don Lope holds himself outside of social institutions until poverty and old age change his ways. Tristana assets what she views as her rights — of education, of vocation, of shunning marriage — until she falls back on an offer of security.
Horacio plays the bohemian until he discovers the joys of the landed gentry. She is doomed to non-fulfillment because of the imposed social conventions. Does the ending satisfy? Yet all three characters are lacking something and fall back on societal norms, almost with relief and benefit.
Yet she can never follow through on any attempt at independence, even with others trying to help her accomplish it. Very highly recommended. Liked it? Take a second to support The Mookse and the Gripes on Patreon! Share this:.
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Tristana. Benito Pérez Galdós
Visor de obras.