As part of his efforts to decrease the disparity and secessionist tendencies of East Pakistan, Khan aimed to make Dhaka a second capital, with appropriate facilities for an assembly. He initially attempted to bring Alvar Aalto and Le Corbusier , who were both were unavailable at the time. Islam then enlisted his former teacher at Yale , Louis Kahn. Kahn died when the project was approximately three-quarters completed and it continued under David Wisdom, who worked for Kahn. The exterior of the building is striking in its simplicity, with huge walls deeply recessed by porticoes and large openings of regular geometric shapes. The main building, which is at the center of the complex, is divided into three parts — the Main Plaza, South Plaza and Presidential Plaza.

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It was created by architect Louis Kahn and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh. But, Islam brought his teacher Louis Kahn into the project to do a significant work for future generation.

Muzharul Islam assisted Kahn at the project. The core of the composition is the assembly chamber, a seat, meters high, domed amphitheatre and the library. These spaces alternate among eight "light and air courts" and a restaurant, as well as entrances to the garden and mosque.

Built of rough-shuttered, poured-in-place concrete, the walls are inlaid with bands of white marble. The jury noted that the architect has produced a building that "while universal in its sources of forms, aesthetics, and technologies, could be in no other place.

If you see a series of columns you can say that the choice of columns is a choice in light. The columns as solids frame the spaces of light. Now think of it just in reverse and think that the columns are hollow and much bigger and that their walls can themselves give light, then the voids are rooms, and the column is the maker of light and can take on complex shapes and be the supporter of spaces and give light to spaces.

I am working to develop the element to such an extent that it becomes a poetic entity which has its own beauty outside of its place in the composition. In this way it becomes analogous to the solid column I mentioned above as a giver of light. It was not belief, not design, not pattern, but the essence from which an institution could emerge The assembly building received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in The outer parts of the complex include the MP hostel. An intricately designed lake surrounds the main building.

All nine blocks include different groups of functional spaces and have different levels, inter-linked horizontally and vertically by corridors, lifts, stairs, light courts, and circular areas. The entire structure is designed to blend into one single, non-differentiable unit, that appears from the exterior to be a single story.

The main committee rooms are located at level two in one of the peripheral blocks. All parliamentary functionaries, including Ministers and chairpersons of some of the Standing Committees, have offices in the Bhaban. The Parliament Secretariat also occupies offices in the same building. There are also two podiums and two galleries for VIP visitors.

The roof was designed with a clearance of a single story to let in daylight. Daylight, reflecting from the surrounding walls and octagonal drum, filters into the Parliament Chamber. The efficient and aesthetic use of light was a strong architectural capability of Louis Kahn. The artificial lighting system has been carefully devised to provide zero obstruction to the entry of daylight.

A composite chandelier is suspended from parabolic shell roof. This chandelier in turn consists of a metallic web, spanning the entire chamber, that supports the individual light fixtures. Upper levels of the block that contains the Chamber contain the visitor and press galleries, as well as communication booths, all of which overlook the Parliament Chamber.

It functions as an intimate plaza for the MPs and other dignitaries. It contains marble steps, a gallery and an open pavement.


Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban

The legislature is commonly known as Parliament and often referred to simply as the Sangsad or JS. Members of Parliament are entitled to use the prefix "The Honourable". The assembly approved the constitution on 4 November , and it took effect on 16 December [3] and the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of Bangladesh until the first elections under the new constitution took place in The opening ceremony of the present Parliament House was performed on 15 February The last session of the second parliament was held in the new house on 15 February


Jatiya Sangsad




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